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The situation in Somalia remains difficult

At one year after the declaration of a state of famine in Somalia by the UN, the situation in the African country is still very serious. The High Commission for Refugees, would be more than a million Somalis in exile, and the number, the last year, has had a significant increase. Weather conditions, marked by lack of rain caused a delay in the collection of agricultural products, which, however, promises to be less in amount than the already low last year. The immediate effect is a shortage of food, which, moreover, suffer from higher prices, to generate a new famine. Already last year the drought had severely hit the country, causing massive displacement of people in search of food, the wait is therefore a situation which would inevitably aggravate the situation in Somalia and also that of Kenya, the main destination for refugees. The conditions are in fact particularly critical in Dadaab, one of the world’s largest refugee camps, about 100 km from the border between Kenya and Somalia. Officially, this refugee camp is home to 463,000 people, but unofficial calculations speak of 630,000 people in the past year the arrivals daily, were on average than 1,000 people a day, but in the most critical periods of famine, the figure was abundantly exceeded, with 40,000 arrivals monthly in July and 38,000 in August. But on Somalia also bears the difficult political situation, the presence of Islamic fundamentalist group al-Shabab, close to al Qaeda, which has often interfered on food aid from the UN, why not welcome from the Western. Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Abdiweli had already announced in June, a military offensive, scheduled for August, the city of Kismaayo, located in the Lower Juba region, relatively close to Kenya, the operating base of Al Shabab rebels. This event, made necessary by the continued resourcefulness of the Islamic rebels and urged by the same Kenya, following the repeated incursions into the territory of the Kenyan military actions of the militia of Al Shabab, could be aggravating the food situation in Somalia, because it may prevent or at least make it more difficult, food aid brought by international organizations. On this argument is a revision of the attitude of the UN and world powers, which were limited, until now, only to bring emergency aid without organizing a suitable program that can include multiple levels to avert the disaster in Somalia . And ‘needed an early form of military aid to enable the Somali government to liberate their territory from forces that hinder the stability and the ability to tackle the food problem with an effective program based on self-sufficiency. The Somali problem is less serious than Libya or Syria’s, only because the region is not strategic or does not have sufficient resources to move the Western forces. The same should be helped Kenya because up to now has assumed a huge problem for their resources, the presence of Islamic fundamentalism is still dangerous even if confined to the territory of the Somali Kenyan border.



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